Social and Behavioral Sciences

Standards Add

DDI (Data Documentation Initiative) Edit

A widely used, international standard for describing data from the social, behavioral, and economic sciences. Two versions of the standard are currently maintained in parallel:

  • DDI Codebook (or DDI version 2) is the simpler of the two, and intended for documenting simple survey data for exchange or archiving. Version 2.5 was released in January 2014.
  • DDI Lifecycle (or DDI version 3) is richer and may be used to document datasets at each stage of their lifecycle from conceptualization through to publication and reuse. It is modular and extensible. Version 3.2 was published in March 2014.

Both versions are XML-based and defined using XML Schemas. They were developed and are maintained by the DDI Alliance.

MIDAS-Heritage Edit

A British cultural heritage standard for recording information on buildings, archaeological sites, shipwrecks, parks and gardens, battlefields, areas of interest and artefacts.

Sponsored by the Forum on Information Standards in Heritage, MIDAS Version 1.1 was released in October 2012.

OAI-ORE (Open Archives Initiative Object Reuse and Exchange) Edit

The goal of these standards is to expose the rich content in aggregations of Web resources to applications that support authoring, deposit, exchange, visualization, reuse, and preservation. The standards support the changing nature of scholarship and scholarly communication, and the need for cyberinfrastructure to support that scholarship, with the intent to develop standards that generalize across all web-based information including the increasing popular social networks of “Web 2.0”.

QuDEx (Qualitative Data Exchange Format) Edit

The QuDEx standard/schema is a software-neutral format for qualitative data that preserves annotations of, and relationships between, data and other related objects. It can be viewed as the optimal baseline data exchange model for the archiving and interchange of data and metadata.

SDMX (Statistical Data and Metadata Exchange) Edit

A set of common technical and statistical standards and guidelines to be used for the efficient exchange and sharing of statistical data and metadata.

Sponsoring institutions include BIS, ECB, EUROSTAT, IMF, OECD, UN, and the World Bank. Technical Specification 2.1 was amended in May 2012.

Extensions Add

CARARE metadata schema Edit

An application profile of the MIDAS Heritage standard intended for delivering metadata to the CARARE service environment about an organisation’s online collections, monument inventory database and digital objects.

CESSDA MLI - Council of European Social Science Data Archives Minimum Level of Information Edit

A common base profile of DDI for use by the member archives of CESSDA.

GESMES/TS (Generic Statistical Message for Time Series) Edit

An extension of SDMX used to exchange statistical data and metadata.

Tools Add

DDI Tools Edit

The Data Documentaion Initiative website's list of tools to implement the DDI standard.

DDI on Rails Edit

Server-side software for building a data portal, with a particular focus on survey datasets. It uses DDI to provide access to the data at the level of concepts and variables. For an example of it in use, see the SOEPinfo data portal.

FISH Interoperability Toolkit Edit

A suite of tools using the MIDAS Heritage metadata standard to facilitate the process of moving information between the wide variety of information systems used to record the historic environment.

Istat SDMX Framework Project Edit

A suite of tools for managing data and metadata in SDMX.

SDMX Editor Edit

A simple tool for managing and accessing statistical metadata, using the SDMX framework.

SDMX Mapping Assistant Edit

A tool to facilitate the mapping between the structural metadata provided by an SDMX-ML Data Structure Definition and those that reside in a database of a dissemination environment.

SDMX Tool Repository Edit

A list of software tools supporting the SDMX standard.

Use Cases Add

CESSDA Catalogue Edit

Provides a seamless interface to datasets from social science data archives across Europe using the CESSDA MLI profile of DDI.

DDI Projects Edit

The Data Documentation Initiative website's list of projects adopting or encouraging DDI as a standard.

DDI Use Case Literature Edit

Links to DDI 3 use case papers, which were the outcomes of a workshop held at the Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz Center for Informatics in Wadern, Germany, November 2-6, 2009.

Eurostat Edit

The statistical office of the European Union, which implementats SDMX in a number of projects.

ICPSR (Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research) Edit

A data archive providing leadership and training in data access, curation, and methods of analysis for the social science research community; all metadata conforms to the DDI standard.

The Institution for Social and Policy Studies (ISPS) Data Archive Edit

Provides members of the scholarly community with access to files associated with scholarly studies for the purpose of replication, for all studies conducted by ISPS-affiliated researchers. ISPS metadata records conform to DDI requirements and include a minimal set of Dublin Core metadata elements.

Open Archives Inititative Edit

Develops and promotes interoperability standards that aim to facilitate the efficient dissemination of content.

SDMX Implementations Edit

The SDMX website's list of current and planned practical implimentations from national and international organisations.

UK ADS - UK Archeology Data Service Edit

The ADS collects, catalogues, manages, preserves, and encourages re-use of digital resources created by archaeologists. It promotes good practice in the use of digital data in archaeology, provides technical advice to the research community, and supports the deployment of digital technologies. Its catalogue records are based on Dublin Core.

UKDA (UK Data Archive) Edit

Curator of the largest collection of digital data in the social sciences and humanities in the United Kingdom, the archive uses DDI as the basis for its catalogue records.