Cartography

Standards Add

Darwin Core Edit

A body of standards, including a glossary of terms (in other contexts these might be called properties, elements, fields, columns, attributes, or concepts) intended to facilitate the sharing of information about biological diversity by providing reference definitions, examples, and commentaries.

Sponsored by Biodiversity Information Standards (TWDG), the current standard was last modified in October 2009.

FGDC/CSDGM (Federal Geographic Data Committee Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata) Edit

A widely-used, but no longer current standard defining the information content for a set of digital geospatial data required by the US Federal Government.

CSDGM was sponsored by the US Federal Geographic Data Committee.  However, in September 2010 the FGDC endorsed ISO 19115 and began encouraging federal agencies to transition to ISO metadata.

ISO 19115 Edit

An internationally-adopted schema for describing geographic information and services. It provides information about the identification, the extent, the quality, the spatial and temporal schema, spatial reference, and distribution of digital geographic data.

Sponsored by the International Standards Organisation, the first edition of ISO 19115 was published in 2003. It has since been split into parts: ISO 19115-1:2014 contains the fundamentals of the standard; ISO 19115-2:2009 contains extensions for imagery and gridded data; and ISO/TS 19115-3:2016 provides an XML schema implementation for the fundamental concepts compatible with ISO/TS 19138:2007 (Geographic Metadata XML, or GMD).

Repository-Developed Metadata Schemas Edit

Some repositories have decided that current standards do not fit their metadata needs, and so have created their own requirements.

Extensions Add

ANZLIC Metadata Profile Edit

A profile of ISO 19115, also mapping to the AGLS profile of Dublin Core, designed to facilitate efficient access to descriptions of information resources, particularly geographic or spatial data.

Darwin Core Geospatial Extension Edit

A protocol-independent XML schema for a geospatial extension to the Darwin Core.

INSPIRE Metadata Regulation Edit

A profile of ISO 19115:2003, adopted in 2007 as the common metadata standard for the Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Community (INSPIRE). The other profiles of ISO 19115 in use in European Member States have been made compliant with INSPIRE.

ISO 19115-2 - Imagery and gridded data Edit

An extension of ISO 19115 defining the schema required for describing imagery and gridded data.

ISO 19115 North American Profile Edit

A common profile of ISO19115:2003 between the United States and Canada, designed to enhance interoperability of geographic information metadata in North America.

UK AGMAP (Academic Geospatial Metadata Application Profile) Edit

A profile of ISO 19115 designed to support the documentation and discovery of spatial datasets, dataset series and geo services within Higher and Further Education.

UK Gemini Edit

A specification for a set of metadata elements describing geospatial data resources for discovery purposes, based on ISO 19115.

Tools Add

ANZ-MEST (Metadata Entry and Search Tool) Edit

A GeoNetwork web application for metadata management and searching, with profiles available for two extensions of ISO 19115: ANZLIC and the Marine Community Profile.

FGDC/CDSGM Tools Edit

The FGDC website's list of tools to implement the CSDGM standard.

Geodoc Metadata Editor Edit

The Geodoc metadata editor tool allows users to create, validate, edit and export geospatial metadata records. It also supports the creation and export of metadata records as XML output files compliant with a number of standards, including UK AGMAP 2.1, ISO 19115, FGDC, DDI, and Dublin Core.

M3Cat Edit

A tool for the creation and cataloguing of geospatial metadata, including CSDGM and ISO 19115.

WiscLINC Metadata Tools Review Edit

The Wisconsin Land INformation Clearinghouse review of metadata tools used for documenting geospatial data and serving geospatial metadata. It includes tools for CSDGM, ISO 19115, Dublin Core, and DIF.

Use Cases Add

Discovery Metadata Service Edit

A geospatial data network requiring that metadata for datasets, data series and online services are published to the UK Gemini v2.1 metadata standard, itself an extension of ISO 19115.

GFZ Information System and Data Center Edit

A case study describing DIF metadata use in the German Research Center for Geoscience.

GoGeo Portal Edit

The GoGeo Portal enables users to discover geospatial information and services for education and research. It uses UK Agmap, a profile based on ISO 19115, for its metadata records.

Marine Geoscience Data System Edit

An online portal providing access to a number of NSF-supported marine geoscience projects, which has developed its own metadata requirements.